On July 5, , French designer Louis Reard unveils a daring two-piece swimsuit at the Piscine Molitor, a popular swimming pool in Paris. European women first began wearing two-piece bathing suits that consisted of a halter top and shorts in the s, but only a sliver of the midriff was revealed and the navel was vigilantly covered. In the United States, the modest two-piece made its appearance during World War II , when wartime rationing of fabric saw the removal of the skirt panel and other superfluous material. Meanwhile, in Europe, fortified coastlines and Allied invasions curtailed beach life during the war, and swimsuit development, like everything else non-military, came to a standstill. In , Western Europeans joyously greeted the first war-free summer in years, and French designers came up with fashions to match the liberated mood of the people.
Retrieved December 3, Actresses in action films like Charlie's Angels: Full Throttle and Blue Crush have Bikini info the two-piece "the millennial equivalent of the power Bikini info, according to Gina Bellafonte of The New York Times  On September 9,Miss Maryland Jamie Fox was the first Skinny hairy coed in 50 years to compete in a two-piece swimsuit to compete in the Preliminary Swimsuit Competition at the Miss America Bikini info. Main article: Bikini waxing. The term men's bikini is sometimes used to describe swim briefs. The New York Times. InAmerican Bikini info mogul Fred Cole, owner of Cole of California, lnfo Time that bikinis were designed for "diminutive Gallic women", as because "French girls have short legs
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Inspired by the introduction of females into Olympic swimming he designed a close-fitting costume with shorts for the bottom and short sleeves for the top. Retrieved 8 August The International Herald Bikini info alone ran nine stories on the event. But 10 years later, a team of French scientists performed additional tests on the island and its inhabitants. Only 12 visitors were hosted at one time. Republic of the Marshall Islands. Download our exclusive hi-res bikini babes getting Big penis bumps and wild in sexy striptease, behind the scenes and masturbation videos. Retrieved 19 September The Marshall islanders took pride in extending hospitality to one another, even distant relatives. Equivalent to 7, times the force of Bikini info Hiroshima bomb, the tests had major consequences on the geology and natural environment of Bikini Atoll and on the health of those who were Bikini info to radiation. The term men's bikini is sometimes used to describe swim briefs. While the two-piece swimsuit Bikini info a design existed in classical Bikini info the modern design first attracted public notice in Paris on July 5,
Evidence of bikini -style women's clothing has been found as early as BC, and the history of the bikini can be traced back to that era.
- The atoll's inhabitants were relocated in , after which the islands and lagoon were the site of 23 nuclear tests by the United States until
- There is nothing hotter than a gorgeous model in a daring skimpy bikini.
- A micro bikini feat.
Evidence of bikini -style women's clothing has been found as early as BC, and the history of the bikini can be traced back to that era. It modeled by Micheline Bernardini , on July 5, , the name for his design borrowing from the Bikini Atoll , where post-war testing on the atomic bomb were taking place.
Contestants in the first Miss World beauty pageant wore them in , but the bikini was then banned from the competition. Actress Brigitte Bardot drew attention when she was photographed wearing a bikini on the beach during the Cannes Film Festival in Other actresses, including Rita Hayworth and Ava Gardner , also received press attention when they wore bikinis.
During the early s, the design appeared on the cover of Playboy and Sports Illustrated , giving it additional legitimacy. Ursula Andress made a huge impact when she emerged from the surf wearing what is now an iconic bikini in the James Bond movie Dr.
No The bikini gradually grew to gain wide acceptance in Western society. As he explains, "The emancipation of swimwear has always been linked to the emancipation of women. Artwork dating back to the Diocletian period AD in Villa Romana del Casale , Sicily , excavated by Gino Vinicio Gentili in , depicts women in garments resembling bikinis in mosaics on the floor.
Some activities depicted have been described as dancing,  as their bodies resemble dancers rather than athletes. Charles Seltman , a fellow of Queens' College, Cambridge , curator of the Archaeology Museum there and an editor of The Cambridge Ancient History , illustrated a chapter titled "The new woman" in his book Women in Antiquity with a s model wearing an identical bikini against the 4th-century mosaics from Piazza Armerina as part of a sisterhood between the bikini-clad female athletes of ancient Greco-Romans and modern woman.
Hanfmann the bikini girls made the learned observers realize "how modern the ancients were". In ancient Rome , the bikini-style bottom, a wrapped loincloth of cloth or leather, was called a subligar or subligaculum "little binding underneath" , while a band of cloth or leather to support the breasts was called strophium or mamillare. Observation of artifacts and experiments shows bands had to be wrapped several times around the breasts, largely to flatten them in a style popular with flappers in the s.
Evidence suggests regular use. Finds especially in Pompeii show the Roman goddess wearing a bikini. A statue of the Venus in a Bikini was found in a cupboard in the southwest corner in the Casa della Venere in Bikini,   others were found in the front hall.
They found them so shocking that for long periods the secret chamber was opened only to "mature persons of secure morals". Even after the doors were opened, only 20 visitors were to be admitted at a time, and children under 12 were not allowed into the new part of the museum without their parents' or a teacher's permission.
There are references to bikinis in ancient literature as well. Ovid , the writer ranked alongside Virgil and Horace as one of the three canonical poets of Latin literature , suggests the breastband or long strip of cloth wrapped around the breasts and tucked in the ends, is a good place to hide love-letters.
There is evidence of ancient Roman women playing expulsim ludere , an early version of handball , wearing a costume that has been identified as bikinis. Between the classical bikinis and the modern bikini there has been a long interval. Swimming or outdoor bathing were discouraged in the Christian West and there was little need for a bathing or swimming costume till the 18th century.
The bathing gown in the 18th century was a loose ankle-length full-sleeve chemise -type gown made of wool or flannel, so that modesty or decency was not threatened. In , Australian swimmer and performer Annette Kellerman was arrested on a Boston beach for wearing a form-fitting sleeveless one-piece knitted swimming tights that covered her from neck to toe, a costume she adopted from England,  although it became accepted swimsuit attire for women in parts of Europe by Walker, Postmaster General.
Female swimming was introduced at the Summer Olympics. In , inspired by that breakthrough, the designer Carl Jantzen made the first functional two-piece swimwear, a close-fitting one-piece with shorts on the bottom and short sleeves on top. The name "swim suit" was coined in by Jantzen Knitting Mills, a sweater manufacturer who launched a swimwear brand named the Red Diving Girl,. Rayon was used in the s in the manufacture of tight-fitting swimsuits,  but its durability, especially when wet, proved problematic,  with jersey and silk also sometimes being used.
The film " Man with a Movie Camera " shows Russian women wearing early two-piece swimsuits which expose their midriff, and a few who are topless. Films of holidaymakers in Germany in the s show women wearing two-piece suits,  Actress Dolores Del Rio was the first major star to wear a two-piece women's bathing suit onscreen in Flying Down to Rio By the s, necklines plunged at the back, sleeves disappeared and sides were cut away and tightened.
With the development of new clothing materials, particularly latex and nylon , through the s swimsuits gradually began hugging the body, with shoulder straps that could be lowered for tanning.
Coco Chanel made suntans fashionable,  and in French designer Madeleine Vionnet offered an exposed midriff in an evening gown. They were seen a year later in Gold Diggers of The Busby Berkeley film Footlight Parade of showcases aquachoreography that featured bikinis.
Dorothy Lamour 's The Hurricane also showed two-piece bathing suits. The film, Fashions of featured chorus girls wearing two-piece outfits which look identical to modern bikinis.
Cotton sun-tops, printed with palm trees, and silk or rayon pyjamas, usually with a blouse top, became popular by The July 9, , Life shows women in Paris wearing similar items. What made the Moonlight Buoy distinctive was a large cork buckle attached to the bottoms, which made it possible to tie the top to the cork buckle and splash around au naturel while keeping both parts of the suit afloat.
American designer Adele Simpson , a Coty American Fashion Critics' Awards winner and a notable alumna of the New York art school Pratt Institute , who believed clothes must be comfortable and practical, designed a large part of her swimwear line with one-piece suits that were considered fashionable even in the early s.
However, midriff fashion was stated as only for beaches and informal events and considered indecent to be worn in public. Keeping in line with the ultra-feminine look dominated by Dior , it evolved into a dress with cinched waists and constructed bustlines, accessorized with earrings, bracelets, hats, scarves, sunglasses, hand bags and cover-ups. French fashion designer Jacques Heim , who owned a beach shop in the French Riviera resort town of Cannes , introduced a minimalist two-piece design in May which he named the " Atome ," after the smallest known particle of matter.
He trimmed additional fabric off the bottom of the swimsuit, exposing the wearer's navel for the first time. To promote his new design, Heim hired skywriters to fly above the Mediterranean resort advertising the Atome as "the world's smallest bathing suit. He also initiated a bold ad campaign that told the public a two-piece swimsuit was not a genuine bikini "unless it could be pulled through a wedding ring.
Bikini sales did not pick up around the world as women stuck to traditional two-piece swimsuits. In , Time magazine interviewed American swimsuit mogul Fred Cole, owner of Cole of California , and reported that he had "little but scorn for France's famed Bikinis," because they were designed for "diminutive Gallic women". Despite the controversy, some in France admired "naughty girls who decorate our sun-drenched beaches". During the Cannes Film Festival , she worked with her husband and agent Roger Vadim , and garnered a lot of attention when she was photographed wearing a bikini on every beach in the south of France.
Mark's Square. In Spain, Benidorm played a similar role as Cannes. Shortly after the bikini was banned in Spain, Pedro Zaragoza , the mayor of Benidorm convinced dictator Francisco Franco that his town needed to legalize the bikini to draw tourists. In , General Franco agreed and the town became a popular tourist destination.
In less than four years since Franco's death in , Spanish beaches and women had gone topless. The swimsuit was banned in Spain, Portugal and Italy, three countries neighboring France, as well as Belgium and Australia, and it remained prohibited in many US states.
It's at the razor's edge of decency. In , the first Miss World contest, originally the Festival Bikini Contest ,  was organized by Eric Morley as a mid-century advertisement for swimwear at the Festival of Britain. The bikinis were outlawed and evening gowns introduced instead. The National Legion of Decency pressured Hollywood to keep bikinis from being featured in Hollywood movies.
Film historian Bruce Goldstein described her clothes in the first film as "It's a loincloth open up the side. You can see loin. In reaction to the introduction of the bikini in Paris, American swimwear manufacturers compromised cautiously by producing their own similar design that included a halter and a midriff-bottom variation.
When the navel showed in pictures, it was airbrushed out by magazines like Seventeen. Navel-less women ensured the early dominance of European bikini makers over their American counterparts. So much so as bikini designs called "Huba Huba" and "Revealation" were withdrawn from fashion parades in Sydney as immodest. The appearance of bikinis kept increasing both on screen and off. The sex appeal prompted film and television productions, including Dr.
They include the surf movies of the early s. The beach films led a wave of films that made the bikini pop-culture symbol. In the sexual revolution in s America , bikinis became quickly popular. Pin-up posters of Monroe, Mansfield, Hayworth, Bardot and Raquel Welch also contributed significantly to its increasing popularity. The issue was the first Swimsuit Issue.
Here she preens in leopard-print or striped bikinis, sucking in air to showcase her well noted physical assets. As a result of starring in Dr. No as the first Bond girl , I was given the freedom to take my pick of future roles and to become financially independent.
The costume was made of brass and was so uncomfortable that actress Carrie Fisher described it as "what supermodels will eventually wear in the seventh ring of hell. The new swimwear code was epitomized by surf star Malia Jones , who appeared on the June cover of Shape Magazine wearing a halter top two-piece for rough water.
The " -kini family" as dubbed by author William Safire  , including the " -ini sisters" as dubbed by designer Anne Cole  has grown to include a large number of subsequent variations, often with a hilarious lexicon — string bikini , monokini or numokini top part missing , seekini transparent bikini , tankini tank top, bikini bottom , camikini camisole top and bikini bottom , hikini, thong , slingshot, minimini, teardrop, and micro. Actresses in action films like Charlie's Angels: Full Throttle and Blue Crush have made the two-piece "the millennial equivalent of the power suit", according to Gina Bellafonte of The New York Times ,   On September 9, , Miss Maryland Jamie Fox was the first contestant in 50 years to compete in a two-piece swimsuit to compete in the Preliminary Swimsuit Competition at the Miss America Pageant.
The bikini remained a hot topic for the news media. In May , Barcelona , Spain made it illegal to wear bikinis in public except in areas near the beaches. Violators face fines of between and euros. Theresa's College in Cebu, the Philippines were barred from attending their graduation ceremony for "ample body exposure" because their bikini pictures were posted on Facebook. The students sued the college and won a temporary stay in a regional court.
She was criticized for sexualizing young children by Claude Knight of Kidscape, a British foundation that strives to prevent child abuse. He commented, "We remain very opposed to the sexualisation of children and of childhood Four women were arrested over the Memorial Day weekend in Myrtle Beach, South Carolina for indecent exposure when they wore thong bikinis that exposed their buttocks.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. See also: Clothing in ancient Rome. See also: Swimsuit and Beachwear. See also: Indecent exposure.
Time magazine list of top 10 bikinis in popular culture.
In , a few Bikini elders traveled to Eneu island to reestablish old property lines. Islands Business. The islands were then placed under control of German New Guinea. It can refer to virtually any undergarment that provides less coverage to the midriff than lingerie , panties or knickers,  especially suited to clothing such as crop tops. The newspapers were full of news about it and Reard hoped for the same with his design.
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Swim | Designer Bikini, One Piece & Swimsuits - Beginning Boutique
A bikini is typically a women's two-piece swimsuit featuring two triangles of fabric on top, similar to a bra and covering the woman's breasts , and two triangles of fabric on the bottom, the front covering the pelvis but exposing the navel, and the back covering the buttocks. In May , Parisian fashion designer Jacques Heim released a two-piece swimsuit design that he named the Atome.
His skimpy design was risque, exposing the wearer's navel and much of her buttocks. No runway model would wear it, so he hired a nude dancer , Micheline Bernardini, from the Casino de Paris to model it at a review of swimsuit fashions. Due to its controversial and revealing design, the bikini was accepted very slowly by the public. The swimsuit gained increased exposure and acceptance as film stars like Brigitte Bardot , Raquel Welch , and Ursula Andress wore them and were photographed on public beaches and seen in film.
In many countries the design was banned from beaches and other public places. By the late 20th century it was widely used as sportswear in beach volleyball and bodybuilding. There are a number of modern stylistic variations of the design used for marketing purposes and as industry classifications, including monokini , microkini , tankini , trikini , pubikini , and skirtini.
A man's single-piece brief swimsuit may also be called a bikini. The bikini has gradually gained wide acceptance in Western society. While the two-piece swimsuit as a design existed in classical antiquity ,  the modern design first attracted public notice in Paris on July 5, Four days earlier, the United States had initiated its first peacetime nuclear weapons test at Bikini Atoll as part of Operation Crossroads. Variations of the term are used to describe stylistic variations for promotional purposes and industry classifications, including monokini, microkini , tankini , trikini , pubikini , bandeaukini and skirtini.
A man's brief swimsuit may also be referred to as a bikini. In Pompeii , depictions of Venus wearing a bikini were discovered in the Casa della Venere,    in the tablinum of the House of Julia Felix ,  and in an atrium garden of Via Dell'Abbondanza.
Swimming or bathing outdoors was discouraged in the Christian West , so there was little demand or need for swimming or bathing costumes until the 18th century. The bathing gown of the 18th century was a loose ankle-length full-sleeve chemise -type gown made of wool or flannel that retained coverage and modesty.
In , Australian swimmer and performer Annette Kellerman was arrested on a Boston beach for wearing form-fitting sleeveless one-piece knitted swimming tights that covered her from neck to toe, a costume she adopted from England,  although it became accepted swimsuit attire for women in parts of Europe by Inspired by the introduction of females into Olympic swimming he designed a close-fitting costume with shorts for the bottom and short sleeves for the top.
Rayon was used in the s in the manufacture of tight-fitting swimsuits,  but its durability, especially when wet, proved problematic. With the development of new clothing materials, particularly latex and nylon , swimsuits gradually began hugging the body through the s, with shoulder straps that could be lowered for tanning. Women's swimwear of the s and s incorporated increasing degrees of midriff exposure.
The Hollywood film Three on a Match featured a midriff baring two piece bathing suit. Actress Dolores Del Rio was the first major star to wear a two-piece women's bathing suit onscreen in Flying Down to Rio Teen magazines of late s and s featured similar designs of midriff-baring suits and tops. However, midriff fashion was stated as only for beaches and informal events and considered indecent to be worn in public.
Wartime production during World War II required vast amounts of cotton, silk, nylon, wool, leather, and rubber. In the summer of , Western Europeans enjoyed their first war-free summer in many years. French designers sought to deliver fashions that matched the liberated mood of the people. He announced that it was the "world's smallest bathing suit. The newspapers were full of news about it and Reard hoped for the same with his design. His design consisted of a two triangles of fabric forming a bra, and two triangular pieces of fabric covering the mons pubis and the buttocks connected by string.
Photographs of Bernardini and articles about the event were widely carried by the press. The International Herald Tribune alone ran nine stories on the event. For women, wearing a bikini signaled a kind of second liberation. There was really nothing sexual about this. It was instead a celebration of freedom and a return to the joys in life. Despite the garment's initial success in France, women worldwide continued to wear traditional one-piece swimsuits.
In , Eric Morley organized the Festival Bikini Contest , a beauty contest and swimwear advertising opportunity at that year's Festival of Britain. The press, welcoming the spectacle, referred to it as Miss World ,   a name Morley registered as a trademark.
The bikini was banned on the French Atlantic coastline, Spain, Italy,  Portugal and Australia, and was prohibited or discouraged in a number of US states. It's at the razor's edge of decency. Increasingly common glamour shots of popular actresses and models on either side of the Atlantic played a large part in bringing the bikini into the mainstream. In Europe, year-old Brigitte Bardot wore scanty bikinis by contemporary standards in the French film Manina, la fille sans voiles "Manina, the girl unveiled".
By the time the film was released in the United States in it was re-titled Manina, the Girl in the Bikini. Bardot was also photographed wearing a bikini on the beach during the Cannes Film Festival. Working with her husband and agent Roger Vadim she garnered significant attention with photographs of her wearing a bikini on every beach in the south of France.
Similar photographs were taken of Anita Ekberg and Sophia Loren , among others. According to The Guardian , Bardot's photographs in particular turned Saint-Tropez into the beachwear capital of the world,  with Bardot identified as the original Cannes bathing beauty.
No , wore a white bikini , which became known as the " Dr. No bikini ". As a result of starring in Dr. No as the first Bond girl , I was given the freedom to take my pick of future roles and to become financially independent. Stretch nylon bikini briefs and bras complemented the adolescent boutique fashions of the s, allowing those to be minimal.
According to French fashion historian Olivier Saillard, this was due to "the power of women, and not the power of fashion". In , Miss Maryland Jamie Fox became the first contestant in 50 years to compete in a two-piece swimsuit at the Miss America Pageant.
According to Beth Dincuff Charleston, research associate at the Costume Institute of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, "The bikini represents a social leap involving body consciousness, moral concerns, and sexual attitudes. Although child-sized bikinis appeared in the s, in many European countries, swimsuits below size 11 are commonly not sold with a separate top, but in the United States, Britain, and Canada, it has often been considered unacceptable for girls in late childhood ages 7—11 to go topless.
Indian women wear bikinis when they vacation abroad or in Goa without the family. In summer, when women take up swimming, often in a public space, a lot of tankinis, shorts and single-piece swimsuits are sold. By the end of the first decade of the 21st century, the Chinese bikini industry became a serious international threat for the Brazilian bikini industry. When [ when? While the name "bikini" was at first applied only to beachwear that revealed the wearer's navel, today the fashion industry considers any two-piece swimsuit a bikini.
In a single fashion show in , there were two-piece suits with cropped tank tops instead of the usual skimpy bandeaux, suits that resembled bikinis from the front and one-pieces from the back, suspender straps , ruffles , and deep navel-baring cutouts. To meet the fast pace of demands, some manufacturers now offer made-to-order bikinis ready in as few as seven minutes.
There is a range of distinct bikini styles available — string bikinis , monokinis topless or top and bottom connected , Trikinis three pieces instead of two , tankinis tank top , bikini bottom , camikinis camisole top , bikini bottom , bandeaukini bandeau top, bikini bottom , skirtini bikini top, skirt bottom , "granny bikini" bikini top, boy shorts bottom , hikinis also hipkini , seekinis transparent , minikinis, microkinis, miniminis, slingshots or suspender bikinis , thong bottoms, tie-sides a variety of string bikini and teardrops.
Bikinis have become a major component of marketing various women's sports. Sports bikinis have gained popularity since the s. In , the bikini became the official uniform of women's Olympic beach volleyball. Much of the interest was because of the sex appeal of bikini-clad players along with their athletic ability. However, the FIVB's mandating of the bikini ran into problems. Some sports officials consider it exploitative and impractical in colder weather.
They refused to wear bikinis. Olympic gold medal winner Kerry Walsh said, "I love our uniforms. One feminist viewpoint sees the bikini uniform as objectification of women athletes.
I'm sure the male spectators love it, but I find it a little bit offensive. Sports journalism expert Kimberly Bissell conducted a study on the camera angles used during the Summer Olympic Games beach volleyball games. From the s to mids, men's contest formats were often supplemented with women's beauty contests or bikini shows. The winners earned titles like Miss Body Beautiful, Miss Physical Fitness and Miss Americana, and also presented trophies to the winners of the men's contest.
Costumes are regulation "posing trunks" bikini briefs for both men and women. Women in athletics often wear bikinis of similar size as those worn in beach volleyball.
Amy Acuff , a US high-jumper, wore a black leather bikini instead of a track suit at the Summer Olympics. In , American swimsuit mogul Fred Cole, owner of Cole of California, told Time that bikinis were designed for "diminutive Gallic women", as because "French girls have short legs Her figure remained in vogue in the 21st century.
The fitness boom of the s led to one of the biggest leaps in the evolution of the bikini. According to Mills, "The leg line became superhigh, the front was superlow, and the straps were superthin.
In , Suzy Menkes , then Fashion Editor of the International Herald Tribune , suggested that women had begun to "revolt" against the "body ideal" and bikini "exposure.
Certain types of underwear are described as bikini underwear and designed for men and women. For women, bikini or bikini-style underwear is underwear that is similar in size and form to a regular bikini. It can refer to virtually any undergarment that provides less coverage to the midriff than lingerie , panties or knickers,  especially suited to clothing such as crop tops. Men's bikini briefs can be low- or high-side that are usually lower than true waist, often at hips, and usually have no access pouch or flap, legs bands at tops of thighs.
Swimwear and underwear have similar design considerations, both being form-fitting garments. The main difference is that, unlike underwear, swimwear is open to public view. As the swimsuit was evolving, the underwear started to change.
Between and , swimsuit lengths followed the changes in underwear designs. By s underwear styles for both women and men were influenced by the new brief models of swimwear from Europe. Although the waistband was still above the navel, the leg openings of the panty brief were cut in an arc to rise from the crotch to the hip joint. The first underwire bra was developed in